Diabetes Organisation in the UK estimates that there will be 5 million people with diabetes in next 10 years, is that a surprise? Most of this cases, the organisation informs would be Type 2 diabetes.
An uncontrolled diabetes is a major threat to health as it could lead to heart disease, stroke, blindness, and kidney failure.
Many of you must be wondering whats the mystery behind this type 1 and type 2?
Well with todays blog, my intention is to explain it in very simple, every day language.
Glucose…sugar in the body is useful when it can be used by its various organs. A hormone called Insulin helps glucose to enter in the cell so that organs can use it as a fuel.
But if insulin can’t do its function effectively, too much of sugar is left out side of the cell in the bloodstream. In addition, there is new flow of sugar which is coming into the blood stream with each meal you consume.
Imagine it as a water in water pipe in your house. If water in the pipe is distributed to the various rooms of the house; kitchen, bathroom, toilets,etc. that water would be useful. However, if you don’t have a tap in any room and no other way for water to be consumed and at the same time you are getting new supply of the water via your water company ….any guess what will happen? yes, burst pipe…too much water….flooding!
Imagine, what would be happening inside our body…like too much water there will be too much sugar in the blood environment and body cant cope it for long resulting in diabetes.
In Type 1 diabetes ( less common than type 2 diabetes 5-10%), body cannot produce its own insulin and more than often it appears before age of 40.
There are various theories and debate for the development of Type 2 diabetes (90%) within the scientific community .
Without going into its too much details, following interlinked factors are to be blamed for in its development:
- Insulin resistance: body is still producing insulin but it is not enough or not very effective.
- Overweight and obesity: both of them lead to Insulin resistance.
- Abdominal obesity (American Diabetes Association, 2012).
- The risk of developing this form of diabetes increases with age and lack of physical activity (American Diabetes Association, 2012)..
There are few other types of diabetes, Gestational (during pregnancy) diabetes mellitus, drug or chemical induce diabetes mellitus which we will explore at a later stage.
Worldwide diabetes rate is increasing at a very fast pace. In 2011, it was estimated to be 366 million and it is expected to affect 552 million people by 2030 (Diabetes UK,2012).
Whats more alarming is that, many people are undiagnosed, it is estimated that there are around 850,000 people in the UK who have diabetes but have not been diagnosed. If we don’t know the problem exists we cant do anything about it until its TOO LATE.
Diabetes doesn’t discriminate with gender and can affect both men and women.
However, Type 2 diabetes is up to six times more common in people of South Asian descent and up to three times more common among people of African and African-Caribbean origin (Department of Health, 2001).
Importantly, this figures are not given here to threaten you but in fact to empower you,as most of this figures are related to Type 2 diabetes which is strongly associated with lifestyle .
Vitality Health Clinic’s bigger purpose is to root out this threat of type 2 diabetes, through Lifestyle transformation. With that purpose and commitment, I sincerely feel, you have found some hope and education through this blog. Please feel free to comment or get in touch at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Live Well, Live with Vitality!
Department of Health (2001). National service framework for diabetes http://bit.ly/nsfdiab
Diabetes UK (2012). Diabetes in the UK,2012. http://www.diabetes.org.uk/Documents/Reports/Diabetes-in-the-UK-2012.pdf
American Diabetes Association, 2012 . Diagnosis and classification of Diabetes Mellitus.http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/35/Supplement_1/S64.full.pdf+html